Tag Archives: Shophouse

Unauthorized use of restaurant as bar result in $35K fine

Project Lifestyle, which runs Witbier Cafe (left), was fined $35,000 yesterday for flouting a ban on bars and pubs in the Kampong Glam conservation area. It is the first such case to be prosecuted in court. The firm had ignored repeated enforcement notices to rectify the breach in planning permission.

Project Lifestyle, which runs Witbier Cafe, was charged with making an unauthorised change in the use of its premises from a restaurant to a bar – the first such case to be prosecuted in court.

The company was fined $20,000 earlier this year by a district judge, but the prosecution appealed for an increase to $50,000.

Witbier Cafe, located on the first storey of a two-storey shophouse in Kandahar Street, opened in July 2011. The premises are allowed to be used only as a restaurant.

Since September 2005, the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) has not allowed the setting up of new pubs, bars and nightclubs in Kandahar Street and certain other roads in Kampong Glam.

In 2012, URA officers raised concerns that Witbier Cafe could be construed as a bar.

Under planning regulations, the primary purpose of a restaurant is the sale of food to be consumed on the premises; the sale of alcoholic drinks is incidental.

The rules state that a bar, on the other hand, is a place where the primary activity is the sale and consumption of alcoholic drinks.

The company then took steps to change the menu and the layout, and the URA took no further action.

The agency even wrote to Project Lifestyle thanking it for its cooperation in reverting Witbier Cafe to the approved use.

It also reminded the company that the premises could not be used for a bar.

But when URA officers dropped in incognito some time between November 2013 and January last year, they found logos and names of alcoholic drinks displayed inside and outside the shop; a layout consisting of a bar counter and several high tables with bar stools; and a “happy hour” for alcoholic drinks prominently advertised.

These changes had been made without permission.

A URA spokesman told The Straits Times that the operator was brought to court because it chose to ignore repeated enforcement notices to rectify the breach in planning permission.

In raising the fine to $35,000 yesterday, Judicial Commissioner See Kee Oon pointed to the company’s persistent offending and lack of remorse, as well as the need to disgorge its wrongful profits.

“The background facts strongly suggest a calculated or cynical breach, possibly motivated by the hope that enforcement might not ensue or that any consequent sanctions might be worth their while,” said the Judicial Commissioner.

But he did not think a $50,000 fine was warranted, given that there were no structural or physical alterations, nor any change in the appearance of the building.

He also noted that the district judge had already considered the cultural sensitivities, given the cafe’s proximity to Malay-Muslim landmarks.

The offence of carrying out unauthorised works in a conservation area carries a fine of up to $200,000. Further fines of up to $10,000 per day can be imposed if a breach continues after conviction.

The URA spokesman said: “Should the operator continue with the unauthorised use, we will not hesitate to take further action.”



No new eateries in 7 areas including Kampong Glam and Upper Paya Lebar

The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) has banned more new restaurants from setting up shop in seven locations to prevent parking problems from worsening. The new locations add to the URA’s list of areas where no additional eateries are allowed. There are now 18 areas on the list which was first started in 2002.

We look at four things about the move to rein in problems faced by residents in areas with many popular food joints:

1. Which are the seven new areas which now come under the URA restriction?

– Changi Road: Jalan Eunos/Still Road to Jalan Kembangan/Frankel Avenue

– Upper Paya Lebar Road: Lorong Ah Soo to Paya Lebar Crescent

– Bukit Timah Road/Dunearn Road: Binjai Park (Jalan Jambu Mawar To Jalan Jambu Ayer); Bukit Timah Road (Wilby Road to Elm Avenue); Bukit Timah Road (Anamalai Avenue to Fourth Avenue)

– Sembawang Road: Mandai Road to Transit Road

– Kampong Glam: Bounded by Victoria Street, Jalan Sultan, Beach Road and Ophir Road

– Kampong Bahru Road/Spottiswoode Park Road: Blair Road to Everton Road; Everton Road to Neil Road

– Jalan Riang

2. Which are the areas which are already on the list?

– Balestier Road: Thomson Road to Moulmein Road

– East Coast Road: Joo Chiat Road to Still Road; Still Road to Telok Kurau Road; Lothian Terrace to Siglap Road

– Joo Chiat Road Area: Joo Chiat Road (Changi Road to East Coast Road); Joo Chiat Place (Joo Chiat Road to Still Road)

– MacPherson Road: Woodsville Interchange to Kallang Pudding Road

– Upper Serangoon Road: Tampines Road to Lim Ah Pin Road

– River Valley Road: Zion Road to Kellock Road

– Geylang Road: Lorong 1 Geylang to Paya Lebar Road

– Tanjong Katong Road: Dunman Road to Mountbatten Road

– Greenwood Avenue: Junction Of Greenwood Avenue And Hillcrest Road

– Sembawang Road: Jalan Mata Ayer to Yishun Avenue 5

– Serangoon Garden Way: Kensington Park Road To Maju Avenue; Chartwell Drive To Penshurst Place

3. What’s the impact of the URA restriction on some of the areas on the list?

Joo Chiat

In Joo Chiat, traffic woes led the URA to stop issuing dine-in licences in 2008 to new eateries – unless the premises was originally marked for such use. Road dividers were installed to stop illegal parking.

Read the story here: URA firm on dine-in ban in Joo Chiat

Serangoon Gardens

The middle-class housing estate is packed with restaurants, coffee shops and cafes, as well as the popular Chomp Chomp and Serangoon Garden hawker centres. Acting on residents’ complaints, the URA imposed a ban in February 2012: No more Serangoon Garden shophouses can be turned into food joints.

Read the story here: Restaurant ban to ease traffic at Serangoon Garden


Some 24-hour eateries were asked to close earlier following complaints from residents about noise, littering and parking woes.

Read the story here: Restaurant appeals against restrictions on opening hours

4. What about popular areas which are not on the URA list? Any measures in place?

The URA and other relevant authorities have also taken steps to address noise and traffic concerns in areas which are not on its list.

In Tiong Bahru where eateries and cafes have sprung up in recent years, the URA and Housing Board have turned down some new applications to turn shop premises into eateries. Residents have complained about noise, traffic and fewer shopping options.

Read the story here: Govt keeps lid on eateries in Tiong Bahru

In Yio Chu Kang Road, some restaurants were ordered to close after they failed to do enough to address complaints from residents despite being granted a grace period to fix the problem.

– See more at: http://www.straitstimes.com/news/singapore/more-singapore-stories/story/no-new-eateries-allowed-7-areas-4-things-know-about-the-#xtor=CS1-10

Shophouses to be auctioned in estate sale

Two freehold properties will be up for auction as a result of an estate sale, said property firm and consultancy Colliers International yesterday.

The properties up for sale, resulting from the owner’s death, are a two-storey conservation shophouse in Beach Road and a terraced house in Devonshire Road.

This comes amid a rebound in the number of mortgagees who have put properties up for auction, as more borrowers default on loans. The home owners find it harder to sell their properties on their own.

But, as a whole, the auction market has not fared as well, thanks to government measures such as the additional buyer’s stamp duty.

So far, $57.6 million worth of properties has gone under the hammer in the first three quarters, well down from the $87.7 million that changed hands over the same period last year, according to earlier reports.

The shophouse, which has tenants, has an indicative price of $5.1 million and a land area of 1,381 sq ft.

Values of shophouses in the area have registered healthy growth, according to data from the Urban Redevelopment Authority. The average transacted price of shophouses in the Kampong Glam district was $4,700 per sq ft (psf) this year, up 20 per cent from a year ago.

The two-storey terraced house to be auctioned also has tenants, and has an indicative price of $4.4 million.

The property’s land area is 1,405 sq ft, with a plot ratio of 2.8, said Colliers.

“The property has a unique facade, which will appeal to a niche group of buyers who appreciate properties that are architecturally distinct,” said Ms Grace Ng, deputy managing director of Colliers.

Both properties will be auctioned on Oct 29, at Amara Hotel.

– See more at: http://business.asiaone.com/news/shophouse-terraced-house-be-auctioned-estate-sale#sthash.k6n5to4Q.dpuf

Shophouse in Telok Ayer put up for sale — Euro Group’s asking price for 999-year leasehold property is S$20-22m

EURO Group, which is involved in a range of businesses including real estate, has appointed Cushman & Wakefield to find a buyer for a three-storey shophouse located a stone’s throw from Telok Ayer MRT Station.

BT Telok Ayer Shophouse for sale

The indicative asking price for No 25 Boon Tat Street, a 999-year leasehold property, is S$20-22 million.

Euro Assets Holdings (S), the owner, is selling the property with vacant possession. Located in the Chinatown-Telok Ayer Conservation Area, the shophouse is currently being spruced up.

Approval has been obtained from the authorities to use the first and second storeys and roof terrace as restaurant space, while the third storey is approved for office use.

Renovation works are expected to be completed in September this year. Sitting on 1,774 sq ft land area, the property has gross floor area of about 4,555 sq ft; in addition, there is 974 sq ft of uncovered space on the roof terrace. It has an internal lift.

The Chinatown-Telok Ayer Conservation Area is a key landmark for tourists due to its historical significance with the Chinese immigrant community in early Singapore. In addition, the area exudes a nostalgic charm both architecturally and historically, says Shaun Poh, executive director of capital markets at Cushman.

“Commercial shophouses, especially those with approved restaurant use, remain an attractive option for buyers in view of the increasing demand for F&B spaces and the limited supply. With its excellent location and palatable price quantum, the subject property is perfect for buyers who wish to invest in a commercial asset in the CBD or an end-user looking to run a restaurant business,” said Mr Poh.

Euro Group is involved in events/conferences, executive search and recruitment, advisory investment strategies, property and F&B businesses. It is also involved in commodity trading and resources related corporate transactions.

It has offices in Beijing, Hong Kong and Singapore.

New URA policy will affect shophouse demand


A NEW Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) policy to tighten approval of new development applications for hotel, boarding house and backpackers’ hostel uses will likely dampen demand for contiguous shophouses – unless they already have prior approval for such use.

In a circular last week, URA noted that hotels, boarding houses and backpackers’ hostels – which provide accommodation for visitors to Singapore – are generally found in commercial areas. “However, such uses should not dominate and displace other commercial activities in these areas. In addition, they are generally not permitted within or at the fringe of residential estates so as to protect the amenity of nearby residents,” URA said.

The planning authority added that in recent years, it has received more applications for new hotels, boarding houses and backpackers hostels, including change-of-use proposals to such uses on sites that are not zoned for hotel use.

“To address the potential proliferation of such developments”, URA minted the new policy, which took effect on July 7; it will be reviewed in two years.

Within the Central Area, proposals for new hotels, boarding houses and backpackers’ hostels, including any change-of-use proposals to such uses on sites that are not zoned or permitted for hotel use, will generally not be allowed within certain areas inside the Outram, Rochor, Downtown Core and Singapore River Planning areas.

The affected areas include a big chunk of Chinatown and Little India shophouses.

In Chinatown, the affected area is bounded by Upper Cross Street, New Bridge Road, Cantonment Road, Neil Road, Craig Road, Tanjong Pagar Road and South Bridge Road. The stretch includes Mosque, Pagoda and Temple streets, Keong Saik and Kreta Ayer roads, Duxton Hill and Duxton Road.

In Little India, the affected area is bounded by Sungei, Race Course and Kitchener roads extending to Rochor Canal. Other areas hit by the new policy include a stretch near Bugis MRT Station – covering Tan Quee Lan, Liang Seah, Purvis and Seah streets.

Also affected is an area surrounded by North Canal, South Bridge, Upper Circular and New Bridge roads.

For proposals in other parts of the Central Area, URA will evaluate them individually, considering its planning intention for the locality and the potential traffic impact generated by the proposal.

Although there was no mention of “shophouse” in URA’s circular, Mary Sai, executive director at Knight Frank, said: “We interpret these locations straightaway as shophouses because these streets are dominated by shophouses.”

According to Ms Sai, from a planning point of view, URA is not allowing change of use for shophouses in certain areas not only to hotels but also food and beverage outlets, as that would add to traffic congestion and parking woes.

“Morever, in some areas, we’re seeing commercial amenities like retail shops, bakeries, coffee shops, all being replaced by hostels and hotels,” she added.

URA’s new policy is expected to dampen demand for bigger chunks of shophouses. “The entry price for this segment is usually higher and with this ruling, it will reduce the attractiveness of rows of shophouses to be sold together – unless buyers see potential for other uses such as restaurants or corporate offices,” said Ms Sai.

Currently, most people buy a row of adjoining shophouses with the intention of converting them to a hotel or hostel.

On a brighter note, Ms Sai points out that one segment of shophouse owners will benefit from the new policy. “Over the years, shophouses in the affected areas that have been approved for change of use to hotels – whether they are zoned full commercial; or residential with commercial on first storey; or commercial and residential – these are the types of shophouses that will be well sought after by investors and hotel operators keen on boutique hotels.”

URA, in its circular, also stated that Outside the Central Area, it will generally not allow proposals for new hotels, boarding houses and backpackers’ hostels including any change-of-use proposals to such uses, on sites that are not zoned or permitted for hotel use.

As for existing approved hotels and boarding houses on sites that are zoned or permitted for hotel use, any proposed intensification of the gross floor area (GFA) will continue to be subject to evaluation.

Expansion of the existing approved boarding house and backpackers’ hostel uses that are on Temporary Permission (TP) will be considered individually, up to the total GFA of the existing building that it occupies. “URA will only allow further renewal of the TP for these uses if they have not caused any adverse traffic impact and disamenity to the surrounding users,” according to the circular.

Summing up the impact of the new policy, Ms Sai said: “While demand for shophouses may be dampened by the new rules, on the other hand, owners of shophouses already approved for hotel use will find their assets rise in value over time because of difficulty in getting hotels sites.”

Affected areas:


Shophouses demand weakens


PRICES of shophouses here have started to see resistance from the market, said a report from Knight Frank, which noted an increasing mismatch between sellers’ high asking prices and prices that buyers are willing to pay.

Sellers who need to let go of their properties have thus had to lower their asking price, which has sent the prices of shophouses down.

The average transacted prices of freehold shophouses have taken a tumble, falling 10.8 per cent from $3,626 per sq ft in H2 2013 to $3,235 per sq ft in H1 2014.

The demand for shophouses among food and beverage (F&B), and retail businesses is also waning, pushing their prices down, said the report.

Prices of leasehold shophouses registered a steeper drop of 23 per cent, from $6,163 per sq ft in the second half of 2013 to $4,717 per sq ft in the first half of this year.

The sharper fall was due mainly to a high base in the preceding half-year, where a property on Duxton Hill went at $8,779 per sq ft and one on Peck Seah Street for $7,818 per sq ft.

On sellers’ high price expectations, Knight Frank Singapore’s executive director and head of commercial sales Mary Sai said they may see their property as scarce, especially in central locations where conserved shophouses are not easily available for sale.

There has been pressure on rental yields following H2 2013, mainly resulting from sellers’ high price expectations.

She added that current owners may be getting decent rental yields from having paid less for their properties previously.

If buyers are unwilling to meet their prices, these sellers are able to hold on to the property for the longer term, considering that replacement units do not come easy, said Ms Sai.

Buyers who pay high prices will face the prospect of compressed rental yields – to as low as 2.5 per cent.

For commercial property, investors seek a minimum rental yield of 3.5 to 4 per cent, she said.

Mortgage loan constraints from the property cooling measures could have also shrunk the pool of prospective buyers.

The report pointed out that the heightened competition from foreign players in the F&B and retail space has also hit demand for shophouses.

On top of this, hiring difficulty and a crunch on manpower have put a crimp on businesses’ expansion plans. They may choose to rent instead of buying.

Transaction volumes for the first half of the year totalled 40, a drop from 49 transactions in the preceding half-year.

While transactions for leasehold properties held steady at seven, transactions for freehold properties in this half fell to 33, from 42 in the previous half.

With shophouse owners holding on to their assets betting on the limited supply of such properties, buyers waiting on the sidelines and retailers opting to lease, Knight Frank expects prices of shophouses to fall 10 to 15 per cent in the next six to eight months.